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Part 5 of the Third NY Regiment History

> Mid December 1775 (continued): However, the shelling is ineffective and Carleton continues to refuse to surrender Quebec. Therefore, since bombardment is not effective, Montgomery's forces will have to storm the city. Clarke: "...and on Fryday the 15th we Sent in A flag of truce But was Not Excepted, Upon which the Gen'l Concluded to Storm the City as Soon as he cou'd get ready, & on Monday Dec'r the 18th Lieut. Hen'y V'n Derbourough came from Montreal & Major Lewis Deboys &c on the 21st of Dec'r two of the first Battallion Deserted & went into the town of Quebec."

Montgomery must attack before the end of the year, when the enlistments of many of his men will expire. Therefore, he decides to attack Quebec at night during the next substantial snowstorm, which will help mask his forces' movements.

> 17 December 1775: From Colonel James Clinton's Orderly Book for the Third New York Regiment, orders from General Montgomery's headquarters at Holland House: "The ginniral orders that an acspecsion Be maid by every Captain and offisor commanding companies whither the Solders are Supplied with Sufficent Complament of ammanition, and if found Deficent, they are ameadately to Supply the men, that there may be no delay on there part when cald upon action."

> 21 December 1775: From Colonel James Clinton's Orderly Book for the Third New York Regiment, orders from General Montgomery's headquarters at Holland House: "The giniral desires the Commanding offisor of Regiments to answer that every Man is Supply'd with hemlock Branches, which are to be fix't on their Caps for a Signal." This was done to distinguish the Colonial forces from the British because many of the Colonial troops were wearing British clothing and uniforms captured in Montreal.

> 27 December 1775: A snowstorm begins and Montgomery's orders his forces to prepare to attack both the Lower Town of Quebec and the Cape Diamond bastion. However, in the evening, the snowfall stops and Montgomery cancels the attack.

> 28 December 1775: From Colonel James Clinton's Orderly Book for the Third New York Regiment, orders from General Montgomery's headquarters at Holland House: "The Geniril had the most greatest pleasure Inserving the good Disposion whith which his troops Last Night Moved. It was with great resilutitation be found him Cald upon by his Duty respect these orders, But Should hold him Self accountabel for the Lose of thee brave men, whose Lives Mite be Saved by wating for a more faverabel oppirtunity."

> 30 December 1775: A new snowstorm begins with heavy snowfall.

> 31 December 1775: Early in the morning, Montgomery orders his troops to attack. This time, he plans to focus his attack on the Lower City. Montgomery will lead the New York forces from the Plains of Abraham, beneath Cape Diamond along the St. Lawrence, while Arnold will attack with his men from St. Roch. Once they controlled the Lower City, the combined force will head up the road to the Upper City of Quebec. Diversionary attacks will be made at St. John's Gate and at the Cape Diamond bastion.

Montgomery and his chief aides lead the New York troops along a path beneath Cape Diamond that leads to the Lower City. The path is covered with large chunks of snow-covered ice from along the riverbed of the St. Lawrence. Furthermore, the British have placed several unmanned log barricades along the path, the first several of which the Colonial forces cut through. In the meantime, Quebec's guards spot the movement of the Colonial forces and the alarm is raised, bringing all of Quebec's defenders to their posts.

Beyond the second log barricade, the New York forces see a log structure in the distance guarding the path. General Montgomery, in the lead, draws his sword and heads towards the structure. The British forces in the structure man four cannons and wait for the Colonials to move closer. At 50 yards, they fire their cannons and muskets. General Montgomery and several of the aids around him are hit by grapeshot and are killed. Following their commanding officer's death, some of Montgomery's troops attempt to return fire, but their muskets will not go off due to damp powder. The remaining officers decide it is not feasible to continue the attack and order the forces to retreat back along the path, away from the Lower City.

At the same time Montgomery was attacking, Arnold's forces head towards the Lower City from the north and reach several British barricades. Arnold moves forward with his men against the first barricade near Sault au Matelot. During this action Arnold is shot in his left leg. Unable to go on, command falls to Daniel Morgan who pushes the men forward. Under fire, Morgan and his men use ladders to pass over and take control of the first barricade. In this action they capture many prisoners. Further down the street, the Colonials see the sally port to the second barricade is still open. However, due to the small number of men Morgan has available and the large number of prisoners they now have, Morgan's officers convince him to wait for additional forces to arrive before going through and beyond the second barricade.